Tokenization – More than Digitalization

Tokenization is a process that involves the conversion of sensitive data into unique identification symbols, or tokens. These tokens can be used in place of the original data in order to protect against unauthorized access and fraud. The data that can be tokenized includes payment card numbers, identification documents, license numbers, and passwords, among others.

In addition to securing sensitive data, tokenization can also be used to digitize financial assets such as securities. By representing financial assets as tokens on a blockchain, investors can trade them in a decentralized and secure manner. This represents a significant shift from traditional asset management, as tokenization enables fractional ownership and easier transferability of assets.

Tokenization is a more complex process than simple digitization, which involves converting a paper document to an electronic form. Tokens can be customized and created by any internet user, enabling centralized use and control over ownership and rights.

The use of tokens has a range of benefits, including increased security, transparency, and accessibility. Tokens can be used to represent ownership shares, copyrights, and other forms of digital assets. By facilitating the digitization of financial assets, tokenization is paving the way for a more decentralized and democratized financial system.


Token transferability is a critical feature of tokens, and it is one of the key advantages of using tokens in blockchain-based systems. Tokens can be transferred directly between parties without the need for intermediaries or centralized clearinghouses, which makes transactions faster, cheaper, and more secure.

The transferability of tokens is a crucial feature that enables blockchain-based systems to function efficiently and securely. By allowing tokens to be transferred directly between parties, without the need for intermediaries or centralized clearinghouses, blockchain technology is revolutionizing the way that assets are exchanged and traded.

Tokens can be divided into three broad categories based on their function and purpose. The first category of tokens is security tokens, which provide a secure and efficient means of raising capital for businesses. These tokens are designed to represent an investment in a company and provide investors with a stake in the company’s assets and future profits.

The second category of tokens is payment tokens, which serve as a means of exchange for goods and services. These tokens function like digital currencies, allowing users to pay for products and services without the need for traditional payment methods like credit cards or bank transfers.

Finally, utility tokens are designed to provide access to specific products or services, and they are typically used in blockchain-based platforms or applications. These tokens do not have a fixed value and can be traded freely on the market, depending on supply and demand.

One of the main advantages of token transferability is its liquidity. Tokens can be easily bought and sold on trading platforms, allowing investors to quickly and easily enter or exit a position. This liquidity also helps to promote price transparency, which is beneficial for investors and traders alike.


Tokenization has opened up a new way to digitize and exchange various forms of property, including intangible assets and easily exchangeable resources. However, while tokenization has many benefits, it also presents certain challenges.

One advantage of tokenizing interchangeable resources is that they can be easily split into smaller units and exchanged without the need for intermediaries, resulting in lower transaction costs and greater liquidity. This is particularly useful in the case of financial assets, such as stocks and bonds, which can be tokenized and traded in real-time without the need for listing on a stock exchange.

Tokenizing intangible assets, on the other hand, presents its own set of challenges. Although they are easier to tokenize as they do not exist in physical form, the transfer of certain rights, such as copyright, may be subject to legal restrictions in different jurisdictions. It is therefore important to distinguish between the transfer of a right to something and actual ownership over something during the tokenization process.

Despite these challenges, the potential benefits of tokenization are significant. By eliminating the need for intermediaries and reducing transaction costs, tokenization can increase transparency and liquidity while making real-time audits easier.

Tokenization also offers a new form of asset digitalization that is much more complex than simple digitization, as it involves the creation of tokens that can be customized and used for centralized purposes.

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This content was brought to you by VISA, the global leader in digital payments, whose mission is to connect the world with an innovative and secure payment network to enable individuals, businesses and economies to grow.

Visa is the general partner of the Fintechlopedia project, an electronic glossary containing all relevant elements of digital transactions and related phenomena, situations, processes, and innovations.


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